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by The Stalwart Federation of The Municipalities of Antarctica. . 33 reads.

Government Structure | Official File.

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Administrative Federal Government of the Municipalities of Antarctica.
Official explanation of structure and functionality of the government.






Structure Overview.
Characterized by a mixed system of direct democracy and elective dictatorship, in the bizarre sense of the word, alongside a highly regulated, but also segmented government. The administration structure of the government is a complicated and difficult to pinpoint one, with regional and local governments rarely following the system that the federal-scale system uses, but nevertheless being beholden to regulations and guidelines on what can and cannot be done, and directly subservient to Federal-level institutions and ministries.
The structure, nevertheless, is defined by a number of features worth noting at the very beginning. For instance, the Primary Official, known as the Primary Governor, is the final authority on all matters, and all regulatory laws and revisions of policies, and is thus considered dictatorial by a number of metrics. However, such a powerful official is limited by three particular aspects of the government.
All governors are given an electoral term of 10 years, and upon the completion of that term, must run for office again, abuses of power will result in expulsion from office, and allow another to take their place.
All governors must answer to the central authoritative courts, which are present to protect the rights and freedoms of all sapient beings from overly restrictive or authoritarian regulations, and finally, all governors are beholden to a council that holds a relative amount of power similar to them, which consists of diplomats from every single subdivision of the country, thus allowing every area a voice. A unified council provides an equal counterbalance, and is given the legal power to oust the governor if it is able to sort out enough support internally to do so. Though this has never occurred in the history of the federal administration, and is unlikely to occur in the future.

Besides the matter of primary officials and the courts and council, regional and local regions are given significant freedom in how they may set up their governing systems. Some rely on a direct or indirect democratic system, some rely on oligarchic or dictatorial systems, some even follow military administrative systems, and technocratic systems.
The only limits on such systems, are that the public must be suitably accepting of them, otherwise, they will be broken up, and reformed into systems that benefit the populace more, and maintain goodwill with the populace at large. Though, of note, is that no local or regional government is permitted to actively show resistance or open disloyalty towards the federal administration, though they are permitted to show displeasure towards policies and regulations.
Further information may be found dispersed within this file, as relevant to each segment of the administration's overall governing and legal system.




Executive | Primary Governor + Secondary Officials.
The federal administration is run directly by it's top-level official and figurehead, the Primary Governor, in previous incarnations of the administration this official was also known as the General-Governor, and was tied directly to the office of 'Executive General of the Armed Forces', and while the titles may have changed in the modern age, the governor is still the executive leader of the armed forces, and holds several other high-level titles of leadership, related to military research, economics, and the Municipality Council itself, though the latter of which provides no real advantages of power as opposed to the rest. Though outside of those titles, the governor is also provided an extreme amount of authority among the government's apparatus and sub-departments, known as ministries and bureaus, and is generally considered to be the undisputed decision-maker, regardless of whether they are contested by the council and courts or not.
The governors are not only the undisputed heads of the government, however, while in office, they are also the diplomatic head of the country, and are occasionally known to travel to other countries, friendly or not, in hopes of bettering relations, though in most cases, governors typically prefer to utilize other diplomatic apparatus as opposed to themselves to smooth out relations and agreements.

The primary governor is not the only governor to exist within the administration. There are also the Secondary and Tertiary governors, formally known as the Major-Governor and Lieutenant-Governor respectively. These are the 'backup' officials, as well as aides and advisors to the primary governor directly, their roles are to act exactly as that, and to take the reigns should the higher ranking official before them ends up leaving office early for any reason, so that the administration may continue on it's path until the next election, regardless of how long it takes for that election to show up.
The secondary and tertiary governors are legally, meant to only be assigned by the primary governor, and are usually chosen by their willingness to continue on the same path. However, selecting opposition members for the role of tertiary governor has also occurred far more recently, and is favored due to their unique insight on what the 'other side' of the political coin may think of each action and policy taken by the administration itself.

Each governor is elected on December 30th and sworn in on January 1st of the next year, every ten years. This is a practice that started far before the official establishment of the administration, and is a holdover from when the office was originally simply the administrator of Hii, which at the time was an administrative republic. These elections are unique, in that they are directly voted upon by the public, who vote not simply through a electoral ministry or some other government structure, but directly. Voting for their chosen candidate, as opposed to a party or 'group' of officials due to an overall 'ban' on organized political parties. This means that the public is directly voting for the candidate's ideas, policies, personality, and other related parts that may influence how they run the administration, as opposed to a group itself. These votes are publicly counted as the election cycle occurs over the final year of the governor's tenure, and are highly scrutinized to prevent voter fraud or manipulation.

Governors are free to create 'Governmental Decrees' to bypass the usual legislative systems that usually hamstring critical decisions, proposed bills, or budget changes. Though, such decrees are still exposed to scrutiny from the legal branch of the government, and from the general public. Thus, such decrees cannot simply be used to bypass the democratic process altogether, and may not alter any parts of the democratic process of the country itself, due to specific restrictions enacted within the founding charters of the country and administration, to prevent the system from breaking down entirely. Excessive use of the ability to enact decrees, and excessive rejection of these decrees by the court system, may result in the administrative governor having their ability to enact decrees completely locked off, until the next elective cycle passes.

All governors operate from an administrative center in Hii, located within the government district at the heart of the city, though their official residence is left up to them, as there is no official residences for any of the governors. Some have previously lived in manors, apartment buildings, or luxurious penthouses, though others have previously elected to keep their official residences hidden.




Executive | Administrative Ministers/Directors.
Below the governors, sits the various leading ministers and directors of different government functions and programs. While the governors are the ones that lead the nation itself, and direct all of it's policies and laws. It is the ministers and directors that augment that power, by being directly appointed to each function and program, in order to extend the administration's oversight and to allow for a degree of autonomy, so that governors can focus on the bigger picture, and allow the smaller details and the enactment of various policies and projects to be completed without much interference.
These ministers and directors control everything from ecological and economic policies and regulations, to defense regulations and educational standards, and each one tends to embody the collective strengths and traits of the functions and programs they lead to the public, meaning that these ministers and directors are considered to be the face of their assigned functions, and not simply the people behind the scenes, like lesser, less public staff.

While the ministers and directors may be autonomous, and may be related to different parts of the government, they are all required to work together, and to listen to any directives and commands that come from the governors themselves, and despite the fact that they may, together, be strong enough to oppose the administration, the public is provided a very significant degree of transparency towards whether these staff are doing their jobs or not, which results in pressure for these individuals to deliver upon their obligations, and to avoid being seen slacking or avoiding responsibility.

These government staff tend to be assigned every election cycle by each primary governor, with previous ministers and directors being sacked by the newly elected official, and replaced with staff that serve the needs of the current administration, however, they are not always removed. Some of these individuals retain their status, and continue working for the new administration, depending upon the whims and desires of the administration in question. As a result, they are, legally, free to operate in their role for life, or until they are removed by the next administration that wishes to see them replaced with someone else.

Ministers and directors, while not necessarily within the city of Hii at all times, are required to be present for meetings that the primary governor calls, and must be able to meet within 48 hours of such a meeting being called, regardless of reason. These meetings are typically used to help determine government policy during events, or used to help determine budget changes year-by-year, to ensure that each ministry and bureau is provided all that is needed to function, without driving the state into debt or bankruptcy, or otherwise being inefficient with funding.




Executive | Ministries and Bureaus.
The ministries and bureaus are the very government functions that the ministers and directors themselves lead, each one being an independent bureaucratic and administrative block dedicated to a particular purpose within the country, with some overlapping authority and control, but mostly being completely independent of each-other. They consist of many different things, including, by technicality and structural similarity, the military arms of the federal administration.
They are the apparatus that are directly responsible for enacting laws and regulations, such as the Ministry of Internal Economics, and it's regulatory guidelines towards private and public industries alike, or the Ministry of Ecological Conservation's guidelines on just about every facet of pollution and renewable resources. They are federal-level institutions, and thus supersede all local regulations and laws, and must shoulder the responsibility of applying equal laws and regulations where they matter most, in every corner of the country.

Legally, the ministries also must shoulder the blame and responsibility of fixing anything that goes wrong with their regulations, and must ensure that they do not cause more harm than good to the country. Whether they do or not, is up to their discretion and tends to be the only source of ire that they receive from the governors that decide what they must enact in the first place.
Despite their obligations, the ministries tend to operate with a small amount of flexibility, and tend to allow different regions to have different regulations, so long as they do not stray too far from the federal guidelines and demands that are made of the core ministry administration.

Unlike some parts of the government, the ministries are in a constant state of flux, as new ones are occasionally added, and the priorities of the state continuously shift to-and-from each ministry, allowing some to become highly influential at times, only to then lose that influence later on. Adding on to this flux, is the constant changing of how the internal bureaucracy of each ministry shifts and changes, as the high levels of transparency in a majority of them results in the public noticing inefficiencies and corruption very quickly, forcing the ministries to address these concerns as they appear, before they can get any worse with public or media perception.

Some ministries and bureaus supersede the authority of others, and as such may override certain regulations and rules set out by them, if they require it for their own purposes. However, such superseding of authority is not commonplace, and is not typically used unless absolutely necessary for certain projects or procedures. None of them are allowed to actively use their power against each-other, due to their varied nature and significantly different purposes. Disagreements between different functions of the federal administration must be handled by the primary governor, or by the court system.




Executive | Regional Ministers/Directors.
Regional ministers and directors are the appendages that the ministries and bureaus utilize to exert their control across the state's distant and significantly different zones and administrative sectors. They are the ones that enact the regulations and restrictions, occasionally tailored to the regions they are bringing them to. They are also the ones that negotiate with regional governments, and help to enact regional and national projects either through diplomatic discourse, or through force, if required for the betterment of the people.

Likewise, they are also the ones that use the regional budgets provided by the administrators above them, to enact projects and maintain facilities and infrastructure on behalf of the institutions they work for. As a result, they are critically important for the operations of the country, and are appointed by the administrations of each relevant ministry and bureau.




Executive | Administrative Council.
A council consisting of 110 people collected from across the country, selected individually from all walks of life, and consisting of as many unique mindsets and outlooks as possible, in order to provide the widest range of qualifications and ideas, which even includes public voices of opposition against the government.
The purpose of the council is to act as a tool of debate and ideas to draw from, used mostly as the breeding and testing ground of new bills and government policies drafted up by the primary governor, and used especially as a sample of what individuals of different backgrounds may think of such policies and bills.

The council is not simply content with being an advisory and testing body, though, and is known to come up with bills and regulations on their own, that they then pass off to the primary governor for inspection and consideration. Rarely, do most of these ideas get past that stage, but some of them have gotten to the point of being signed in as law.
Most times, however, their ideas are ignored, as is their input, most governors continue anyways, despite the unpopular outlook most governmental decrees get as a result of this policy of ignoring the administrative council.




Legislative | Municipality Council.
The Municipality Council, one of the largest, and most important councils within the Federal Government's overall structure, and also the loudest public voice. It is the intended counter to the power of the primary governor, and acts as the representational institution that contains a diplomat from each municipality, of which there are a total of 400. Each diplomat is from a different zone, and each one has different desires and interests, though at the core, they are all individuals that have been selected by their Municipality.
Each diplomat is either directly assigned by the municipal government they represent, elected democratically by the people themselves, or selected through some other means, such as Kazo Municipality's extremely rigorous intelligence tests, that determine whether a diplomat is fit to serve the interests of the municipality or not.

Despite the council's size and supposed strength, it has never really been able to claim to have the actual strength it needs in order to contest the primary governor, and ensure a fair and balanced government system. The council is known domestically to be more equivalent to an infighting morass, that has never been able to unify itself under one goal for too long, though that is not to say it never has. Such times are usually when an extremely important decision is to be made, or when parts of the nation find themselves in dire straits due to a variety of reasons.

The municipality council is the only part of the government that holds the right to eject the primary governor, and the rest of the administration, and is also able to call an emergency election to place a new primary governor in control until the end of the original government's term. The vote, however, must be a majority vote of 225 to 175.

Besides it's other roles, the council is also meant to advise the governor on problems that different municipalities and other zones are facing, and propose solutions or compromises to fix their problems, as well as ask questions about federal policies and actions. If the diplomats are unable to fulfill their roles, the municipality may replace them with another, if they are able to provide competent representation, and benefit their home municipality, they may end up serving for as long as they live. There are no federal restrictions on how long a diplomat may serve, nor what age and qualifications they hold.

Below is a diagram of different municipal diplomats, they differ solely on where they originate from.
Urban Diplomats = Dark Blue,
Rural Diplomats = Teal,
Special Administrative Zone Diplomats = Orange,
Military Administrative Zone Diplomats = Dark Green,
Hii Capital District Diplomats = Maroon.




Legal | Central Authoritative Courts.
The most powerful legal force within the entire country, and the only legal force purpose-built to keep the Federal and regional governments in check, the Central Authoritative Courts are the apparatus used to ensure the rights and freedoms of citizens are upheld and not infringed upon, and to ensure that the government follows all legal charters that govern it's existence and limits some of it's powers.
The court is composed of twenty high judges, that serve for life and are appointed via a committee that selects some of the most unbiased and incorruptible judges possible to fill a candidate pool, these judges are not allowed to be appointed by the government itself, due to the risks of the courts becoming biased or losing their incorruptible and impartial nature, and, as it is against government chartered mandates.

The court is located with Hii's government sector, but is kept distinctly separate from the other buildings, as a symbolic and physical showing of their impartial and apolitical nature.
All of the judges reside in Hii by law, until they retire, in order to minimize exposure to outside influences that may corrupt their impartial nature, though they are free to leave the capital for personal affairs and familial visits if they so desire.

Appealing to the judges requires significant effort and time, and due to the nature of the central administrative courts, all cases and deliberations are transparent and freely viewable both during and after appeals have been made, and decisions given. The judges weigh in on not only governmental cases, but on cases between citizens and other institutions, or other citizens, if needed. Though this is very rare, and the courts tend to focus only on cases that involve government institutions and other large cases and suits.




Legal | Regional Courts.
The regional courts are a step below the central courts, and are usually civil courts dedicated to large civil, criminal or corporate cases.
They usually enforce regional rules on the civil populace, and advise regional municipalities on what is and isn't lawful when it comes to administrating their zones. Though these are mostly advisory services and are not enforceable unless the federal government becomes involved.

Each municipality has it's own regional court system, which has the local courts integrated into it in some regard, allowing the local courts to send difficult cases to the regional level when needed. The regional courts will not take smaller cases, however, that do not relate to serious or large crimes. The smaller courts are therefore free of oversight when it comes to such cases.




Legal | Municipal Courts.
Local courts consist of local city-based institutions, and are only in charge of basic legal processes and cases. They are meant to handle the smaller, less critical and less severe criminal, civil and corporate cases, while also passing on larger, more severe cases, to the regional courts for processing and deliberation.
Besides this, there is no difference between local municipal courts, and courts of similar size within other countries.




Governing | Regional Municipalities.
The regional municipalities are, in simple terms, what would be considered a 'state' or 'province' in any other country. They consist of a region that may contain numerous cities and towns, or consist of almost no civilization at all. Regardless of this, they are all municipalities, and thus all of them are categorized as such.
Very few municipalities are alike, and thus this is why there are 400 of them, and 400 total seats in the council that represents their interests and needs. However, as was noted in the municipality council's segment, there are different types of municipality, which shall briefly be touched on here, as well as numbered.

79 | Urban Municipalities.
Consisting of highly populated municipal zones, that either consist of a single urban zone, or multiple urban zones and smaller developed towns. They are typically the industrial and wealthy sections of the country, and wield considerable influence.
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171 | Sparse Municipalities.
Consisting of largely uninhabited, or low-population zones, these are typically the 'rural' parts of the country, and are usually either self sufficient communities, that have little interest in outside politics, or are reliant on the larger municipalities for survival. Thus, they do not have much influence.
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67 | Special Administrative Zones.
Special zones that are assigned for specific uses and goals. Either as national parks, reserves, resource extraction regions, unusable but valuable terrain, or simply non-civilian zones that cannot be used for civilian purposes.
They do not usually vote on anything that concerns the populated municipalities, unless it has to do with regulations and laws that may interfere with their existence and functions.
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61 | Military Administration Zones.
Zones that are solely under military/government administration for various reasons, they are devoted to non-civilian purposes and are forbidden from being used by the public for any reason.
They do not typically vote on anything, besides voting on policies that may impact their budgets or functions, though some of them do vote, due to the presence of large numbers of military/government related staff.
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22 | Hii Capital Zones.
Zones specifically related to the capital city of Hii. Due to the city's extremely large size, it was decided that there would be 22 subsections dedicated solely to different segments of the city, to allow for the municipality council to properly indicate the public's problems and feelings without unbalancing the council unnecessarily.
These zones are perhaps the only ones within the council that can agree to set aside their differences altogether, and vote as one. They are typically pro-government, due to their advantaged and positive positions due to government policies and investment.

Each regional municipality operates with a slightly different government system, with some of them being directly democratic, some of them being oligarchic, and some of them being dictatorial. The government does not interfere with these government systems, unless the public themselves desires to see the system changed, and rallies enough local support against their regional government.
Regional governments must follow the demands and requirements of the federal administration in order to be considered legitimate, besides having the public's support. With legitimacy allowing them to control regional budgets and laws, though these may be superseded by federal laws, and by regional municipality projects, that would require the regional municipalities to comply with their needs.

The municipality borders have remained unchanged ever since they were finalized in law in 1961 CE, and no plans have been made to change them ever since.




Governing | City Councils.
City Councils are typically any form of city government that claims to have authority in any inhabited area. This may be a village, town, city, or metropolitan area. Such councils are usually varied, and depend on the regulations of the municipality they find themselves within, as opposed to being codified by the federal administration.
They, like the regional governments, can be democratic, or not. Regardless of what they are, their role is to manage the budgets that they are provided, maintain services, and ensure the survival of the location they claim to manage.
Most city councils are barely even considered councils at all, but, as long as the people are happy with them, and they run properly and pay the sufficient taxes and follow federal laws, they are legally considered the legitimate administrations in their given areas.






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