The Holy Empire of
Liberal Democratic Socialists

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Treaties in Force

The Holy Empire of Excalbia is party to the following bilateral and multilateral agreements:

The Treaty of Courtland:

Article 1: Mutual Recognition of and Respect for Sovereignty

1. The Caldan Union of the Resurgent Dream, the Dutch Democratic Republic of Knootoss, the Holy and Most August Empire of Pantocratoria, the Holy Empire of Excalbia, the Dominion of Upper Virginia and the Confederation of Sovereign States are recognized as unconditionally sovereign states. Saxmere is recognized as unconditionally sovereign to the extent that it chooses sovereignty in the forthcoming referenda. Further, notwithstanding their sovereign status, all the parties to this agreement pledge unconditionally and irrevocably to recognize the results of forthcoming referenda in Saxmere.

2. The existing and established governmental institutions of all signatory states are recognized as the only legitimate claimants to sovereign authority over the sovereign territory of the signatory states except as provided for in the agreement on a Saxmere referendum. This provision shall not be interpreted to in any way prejudice the existing federal system in the Resurgent Dream and the Confederation of Sovereign States.

3. The generally recognized territorial claims and claims for exclusive fishing rights of each party (as detailed in Appendix A) are recognized by all the parties.

4. Each sovereign state signatory to this treaty undertakes to maintain an embassy in every other sovereign state signatory to this treaty. Each signatory undertakes to respect reasonable diplomatic norms with regard to the embassies of other signatory states, including the recognition of diplomatic immunity, the recognition of the extraterritoriality of embassies, and the sanctity of the diplomatic pouch. Signatory states reserve the right to expel a diplomat from their territory and request another in the eventuality that a diplomatís conduct actively poses an ascertainable threat to the public safety or the national security of their host nation. Each nation also undertakes to manage its embassies in such a way as to minimize any such eventuality.

Article 2: The Binding Nature of Treaties

1. When this treaty has been ratified by the Confederation of Sovereign States, the Holy and Most August Empire of Pantocratoria, the Dutch Democratic Republic of Knootoss, the Holy Empire of Excalbia, the Caldan Union of the Resurgent Dream and the Dominion of Upper Virginia by their respective procedures of ratification and has received the consent of the government of the State of Saxmere, it shall hold the force of law for all signatories. If the referendum to be held in Saxmere should result in sovereignty, this treaty shall immediately enter the procedures for formal ratification in that new state as well.

2. If any signatory should fail to ratify this treaty, it shall not go into effect.

3. The Teutonic Empire of Lavenrunz, should they wish to accept the terms of this treaty at any time, shall be admitted under the same terms as the other powers.

4. Any other recognized sovereign state wishing to come under the terms of this treaty, provided they possess territory in or adjacent to the Western Atlantic, may do so only with the unanimous consent of all current signatories.

5. Violations of this treaty shall be referred to a conflict resolution mechanism detailed afterwards, excepting when such violation takes the form of a military assault against a sovereign state prohibited by this treaty, in which case no terms of this treaty shall prejudice the right of a signatory state from defending their own sovereign territory or that of an ally from attack.

6. Any signatory state shall have the right to request a renegotiation of the treaty and any two signatory states shall have the right to demand it. During such a renegotiation, the current treaty shall remain in effect until a new agreement is reached or the parties reach a consensus that no such renegotiated treaty is possible.

7. Any party intending unilateral withdrawal from the terms of this treaty must give all other parties six months notice. During the intervening six months, the treaty shall remain in full effect.

8. The signatories to this treaty affirm the legal and moral principle that nations are obliged to abide by all treaties into which they legitimately enter so long as the other parties to such treaties do so as well.

Article 3: Regular Meetings

1. The Heads of Government of all signatory nations will give the necessary directives in accordance with needs and will follow regularly the application of the programmes described in article four, five, six and seven of this treaty. They will meet to this effect each time this will be necessary and, in principle, at least twice a year.

2. The Foreign Ministers of all signatory nations will jointly supervise the execution of the programme described in articles four, five, six and seven. They will meet at least every three months. Without prejudice to contacts normally established through embassies, the relevant high officials of the signatory Foreign Ministries will meet each month alternatively in the respective capitals of signatory nations to assess current problems and to prepare the meeting of Ministers. The diplomatic missions and the consulates of the nations, as well as their permanent representation at international organisations, will make all contacts necessary on problems of common interest.

3. Regular meetings will take place between the responsible authorities of the signatory nations in the fields of defence, education and culture. They will in no way affect the functioning of already existing organisms whose activities will be developed.

4. In each of the signatory nations an inter-ministerial commission will be charged with following the problems of cooperation. It will be presided over by an official of appropriate rank and position, in accordance with local law and custom, and will include representatives of all the interested administrations. Its role will be to coordinate the action of the interested ministries and to make periodically a report to its government on the state of North Atlantic cooperation. It will also have the task of presenting all useful suggestions with a view to the execution of the programme and its extension to new fields.

Article 4: Foreign Affairs Programme

1. The signatory Governments will consult before any decision on all important questions of foreign policy and, in the first place, on questions of common interest, with a view to reaching as far as possible an analogous position.

2. With regard to aid to developing nations, the signatory Governments will systematically compare their programmes with a view to maintaining close coordination. They will study the possibility of undertaking joint projects. The Foreign Ministers will determine together the practical bases of this collaboration.

3. The signatory Governments will study jointly the means of reinforcing, where relevant, their cooperation in other important sectors of Transnational Economic Policy, such as trade, energy, the problems of communications and transport and industrial development, within the framework of economic cooperation.

Article 5: Defence Programme

1. As an optional part of this agreement, exchanges of personnel between the armies will be established and, where relevant, increased. They will concern in particular instructors and students of the general staff colleges and may include the temporary detachment of field and staff officers. In order to facilitate these exchanges, an effort will be made by both sides with a view to the practical teaching of the languages of the trainees. Any signatory of this agreement may opt to take part in the exchange of military personnel. Such exchanges will take place on a non-discriminatory basis among those nations electing to take part in the programme.

2. With regard to armaments, the signatory Governments will endeavour to organise work in common from the stage of drawing up appropriate armaments plans and of the preparation of plans for financing them. To this end, mixed commissions will study current research on these plans in the signatory nations and will present proposals to the ministries who will examine them at their quarterly meetings and will give the necessary directives for application.

Article 6: Education Programme

1. The competent authorities in signatory nations will make their own enquiries into the qualifications awarded by equivalent authorities in other signatories, and on the basis of those enquiries, each national authority will produce a list of equivalent qualifications.

2. Research organisations and scientific institutions will develop their contacts beginning with the fullest possible exchange of information. Coordinated research programmes will be set up in disciplines where this is feasible.

Article 7: Youth Programme

1. The signatories agree to expand educational and cultural exchanges by establishing special categories of no-fee visas for high school and university exchanges, cultural exchanges including but not limited to youth and amateur performing groups, summer work and travel programs and other short-and-long term academic exchanges. These categories of visas will be made available to citizens of the other signatory nations without numerical limits.

2. In order to promote high school and cultural exchanges, the signatory countries agree to jointly establish a special fund to finance appropriate programmes. The also agree to jointly develop appropriate programmes and recruit participants in each of the signatory nations. Funding and administration of these may be carried out by the embassies of the signatory nations or by non-profit non-governmental organizations especially developed for the task by each participant.

3. In order to promote, youth educational exchanges at the university level, the signatories agree to jointly establish a special scholarship fund that will administered in each country by the embassies of the signatory nations. Scholarships will be made available to deserving young citizens of the host countries to pay full tuition, room and board at a university in embassiesí home country.

Article 8: Conflict Resolution Mechanism

1. If two signatories are unable to resolve a conflict about foreign policy or another matter of major importance to relations between them in the consultations between their governments, then the conflict shall go before a Conflict Resolution Council.

2. The Conflict Resolution Council will consists of a rotation of three nations at any given time, in three separate staggered rotations, so as to ensure that no subgroup within the signatories have more than one sitting council member. The proposed rotations are Excalbia, Pantocratoria and (if it becomes independent) Saxmere as rotation one, the Confederation and Knootoss as rotation two, and the Caldan Union and Upper Virginia as rotation three.

3. When a conflict goes before the CRC, if either of the signatories involved is a presently sitting member of their CRC, they shall be excused from service and the next nation in their rotation take their seat. Both involved signatories shall make one, written statement of their arguments and positions to the CRC, which shall meet and discuss the issue. The CRC shall decide which of the arguments it has accepted, or shall propose an alternative settlement. This decided upon resolution to the conflict represents the will of the treaty.

4. If after a period deemed reasonable by the CRC either or both parties remain in violation of the conflict resolution decided upon by the CRC, then all signatory nations shall be free to impose trade sanctions on any signatory which remains in breach. No signatory nations shall be compelled by the CRC to take such action, but they shall no longer be bound by treaty against doing so.

Article 9: Trade Agreement

1. Trade Sanctions / Boycotts

a. Signatories will be forbidden from placing trade sanctions or boycotts on other signatories except as allowed by the CRC following the process described in Article 8.
b. The import and export of basic foodstuffs (not including processed foodstuffs or any good which may be classified as both a foodstuff and some other sort of good) shall never be the subject of a trade sanction or boycott placed on one signatory by another in the event of sanctions being allowed under section 1, subsection a by the CRC.
c. The import and export of vital medicines (not including medicines which may also be classified as recreational drugs or narcotics) shall never be the subject of a trade sanction or boycott placed on one signatory by another in the event of sanctions being allowed under section 1 by the CRC.
d. Blockading of one signatory by another is contrary to the spirit of article 1, and shall not be allowed by the CRC.

2. Trade amongst signatories

a. All signatories agree to participate in trade with each other (except in the case of sanctions or boycotts authorised by the CRC as per section 1, subsection a).
b. There shall be two tiers of trade between signatories within the North Atlantic signatories. Signatories shall sign this treaty as either free trade signatories or special trade relationship signatories:
i. Free trade signatories commit to a multilateral free trade agreement with all other free trade signatories. The exact terms of the multilateral free trade agreement will be determined by the free trade signatories at a subsequent economic summit.
ii. Special trade relationship signatories undertake, in general terms, to investigate the possibility of gradually reducing tariffs on imports from other signatory nations.
c. Signatories shall be allowed to move between tiers at their prerogative should they so desire.

Signatories

President Becka Harrison (on behalf of the Dominion of Upper Virginia)
President Thomas Caine (on behalf of the Confederation of Sovereign States)
Imperial Chancellor Lady Jessica Tagaarth (on behalf of the Holy Empire of Excalbia)
Prime Minister Jan Willem Daatman (on behalf of the Dutch Democratic Republic of Knootoss)
Imperial Chancellor Doctor Thibault Drapeur (on behalf of the Holy and Most August Empire of Pantocratoria)
Doctor Waldemar Waerdt (on behalf of the Caldan Union of the Resurgent Dream)
Governor Sean Peller (on behalf of Saxmere) - Note that while Saxmere signed the treaty, the subsequent referendum on the issue of Saxmerean independence failed, and thus Saxmere is not a signatory state in its own right.

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Treaty of Amity with the States-Federation of Snefaldia:

Preamble

The States-Federation of Snefaldia and the Holy Empire of Excalbia hereby resolve to promote the peace and security of the Western Atlantic, to promote the human rights of the people of the Western Atlantic, and to promote the economic and social development of the Western Atlantic.

Article 1

Establishing Common Purpose, Mutual Respect and Equality and Mutual Obligations

1. The States-Federation of Snefaldia (Snefaldia) and the Holy Empire of Excalbia (Excalbia) affirm their mutual desire to maintain their common peace and security, and to that end: to bring about by peaceful means whenever possible,in conformity with the principles of this treaty, adjustment or settlement of disputes.

2. The parties resolve to develop friendly relations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples.

3. The parties agree to achieve cooperation in solving problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all of their citizens.

4. Snefaldia and Excalbia unconditionally recognize mutual sovereign equality, and recognize that both states are endowed with both the rights and duties of full sovereignty and equal membership in the international community.

5. The parties affirm the full international legal personality and territorial integrity of all other member states. The signatories of this treaty agree to mutually recognize the territorial claims and claims for exclusive economic rights detailed in Appendix A.

6. The existing and established governmental institutions of the parties states are recognized as the sole legitimate claimants to sovereign authority over their sovereign territory.

7. The parties affirm the ancient legal and moral principle that nations are obliged to abide by all treaties into which they legitimately enter so long as the other parties to such treaties do so as well.

8. The parties agrees to conduct international diplomacy in accordance with mutually agreed-upon established norms , including the inviolability of diplomatic premises, records and communications, the inviolability and immunity of diplomatic personnel and the provision of reasonable security and protection for diplomats within the otherís territory and jurisdiction.

Article 2

Non-Aggression and Military Cooperation

1. Snefaldia and Excalbia resolve to settle disputes among themselves by peaceful means in such a manner that regional peace and security and justice are not endangered, and to refrain in their mutual relations from the threat or use of force in any manner inconsistent with the purposes of this treaty. They further resolve to settle disputes within the Western Atlantic, to the extent practicable, by peaceful means and in such a manner that regional security is not endangered.

2. The parties will consult together whenever, in the opinion of either of them, the territorial integrity, political independence or security of the Western Atlantic or any nation therein is threatened.

3. Snefaldia and Excalbia shall establish a programme of exchanges of personnel between their respective armed forces. The exchange programme will include, in particular, instructors and students of the military academies, general staff colleges, and higher colleges of war and post-graduate studies at levels agreed upon in Appendix B. In addition, the parties agree to exchanges of serving officers in positions agreed upon in Appendix C. In order to facilitate these exchanges, an effort will be made by both sides with a view to the practical teaching of the languages of the trainees.

Article 3

Social and Cultural Affairs

1. Research organizations and scientific institutions will develop their contacts beginning with the fullest possible exchange of information. Coordinated research programmers will be set up in disciplines where feasible.

2. Snefaldia and Excalbia agree to expand educational and cultural exchanges by establishing special categories of no-fee visas for high school and university exchanges, cultural exchanges including but not limited to youth and amateur performing groups, summer work and travel programs and other short-and-long term academic exchanges. These categories of visas will be made available to citizens of the other signatory nations without numerical limits.

3. In order to promote secondary school and cultural exchanges, the parties agree to jointly establish a special fund to finance appropriate programmers. They also agree to jointly develop appropriate programmes and recruit participants in each nation. Funding and administration of these may be carried out by the embassies of the parties or by non-profit non-governmental organizations especially developed for the task by each participant.

4. In order to promote youth educational exchanges at the university level, the parties agree to jointly establish a special scholarship fund that will administered in each country by the embassies of the signatory nations. Scholarships will be made available to deserving young citizens of the host countries to pay full tuition, room and board at a university in each embassiesí home country.

5. Additional educational exchanges of a regular nature at the primary, secondary, tertiary, and graduate or postgraduate levels be the subject of continuing negotiation, planning, and agreement by the two parties.

Article 4

Trade Relations

1. Snefaldia and Excalbia resolve to avoid the use of trade sanctions, boycotts, embargoes and blockades as an instrument of foreign policy in their relations with each other.

2. Blockades shall never be employed by one signatory against another.

3. Snefaldia and Excalbia commit themselves to a step-by-step reduction in tariff and nontariff barriers to trade amongst themselves beginning with those sectors identified in Appendix D. They agree to immediately confer Most Favored Nation trading status upon each other. They further commit to hold annual meetings to review existing tariff and nontariff barriers in order to ensure a successive mutual reduction in those barriers.

4. Nothing in this accord shall prejudice the right of one party to impose such laws and regulations and to set such standards and prohibitions as it deems reasonably necessary to promote public morals or consumer health and safety.

5. The parties shall refrain from retaliatory measures in response to the use of such regulatory regimes.

6. Nothing in this accord shall have the effect of invalidating any existing trade agreements with non-signatory nations. Where not expressly prohibited by existing treaties, the parties shall endeavor to extend to other signatories the benefits of those existing agreements on a reciprocal basis.

7. The parties agree to work toward the elimination of dual taxation on foreign investments and to conduct further negotiations on the repatriation of profits. Corporations based in one party investing in the other will do so through a subsidiary registered in the receiving party according to its laws. Excalbia recognizes that Excalbian entities investing in Snefaldia will be required to do so in partnership with a Snefaldian entity. Foreign investments in each party will be protected and governed by the laws of the receiving party.

Article 5

Ratification

This treaty shall enter into force upon its signature and ratification by the States-Federation of Snefaldia and the Holy Empire of Excalbia.

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Treaty of Amity with Socialist Peoples' Fiefdom of Anahuac:

Preamble

The Socialist Peopleís Fiefdom of Anahuac and the Holy Empire of Excalbia hereby resolve to promote the peace and security of the Western Atlantic, to promote the human rights of the people of the Western Atlantic, and to promote the economic and social development of the Western Atlantic.

Article 1

Establishing Common Purpose, Mutual Respect and Equality and Mutual Obligations

1. The Socialist Peopleís Fiefdom of Anahuac (Anahuac) and the Holy Empire of Excalbia (Excalbia) affirm their mutual desire to maintain their common peace and security, and to that end: to bring about by peaceful means whenever possible,in conformity with the principles of this treaty, adjustment or settlement of disputes.

2. The parties resolve to develop friendly relations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples.

3. The parties agree to achieve cooperation in solving problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all of their citizens.

4. Anahuac and Excalbia unconditionally recognize the sovereign equality of the other, and recognize that the other is endowed with both the rights and duties of full sovereignty and equal membership in the international community.

5. The parties affirm the full international legal personality and territorial integrity of all other member states. The signatories of this treaty agree to mutually recognize the territorial claims and claims for exclusive economic rights detailed in Appendix A.

6. The existing and established governmental institutions of the parties states are recognized as the sole legitimate claimants to sovereign authority over their sovereign territory.

7. The parties affirm the ancient legal and moral principle that nations are obliged to abide by all treaties into which they legitimately enter so long as the other parties to such treaties do so as well.

8. The parties agrees to conduct international diplomacy in accordance with mutually agreed-upon established norms , including the inviolability of diplomatic premises, records and communications, the inviolability and immunity of diplomatic personnel and the provision of reasonable security and protection for diplomats within the otherís territory and jurisdiction.

Article 2

Non-Aggression and Military Cooperation

1. Anahuac and Excalbia resolve to settle disputes among themselves by peaceful means in such a manner that regional peace and security and justice are not endangered, and to refrain in their mutual relations from the threat or use of force in any manner inconsistent with the purposes of this treaty. They further resolve to settle disputes within the Western Atlantic, to the extent practicable, by peaceful means and in such a manner that regional security is not endangered.

2. The parties will consult together whenever, in the opinion of either of them, the territorial integrity, political independence or security of the Western Atlantic or any nation therein is threatened.

3. Anahuac and Excalbia will establish direct communications links between their respective high commands.

4. Anahuac and Excalbia shall conduct joint training exercises between elements of their respective armed forces to facilitate military-to-military communication and collaboration in response to crises and natural disasters.

5. Anahuac and Excalbia shall establish a programme of exchanges of personnel between their respective armed forces. The exchange programme will include, in particular, instructors and students of the military academies, general staff colleges and higher colleges of war and post-graduate studies. In order to facilitate these exchanges, an effort will be made by both sides with a view to the practical teaching of the languages of the trainees.

Article 3

Social and Cultural Affairs

1. Research organizations and scientific institutions will develop their contacts beginning with the fullest possible exchange of information. Coordinated research programmers will be set up in disciplines where feasible.

2. Anahuac and Excalbia agree to expand educational and cultural exchanges by establishing special categories of no-fee visas for high school and university exchanges, cultural exchanges including but not limited to youth and amateur performing groups, summer work and travel programs and other short-and-long term academic exchanges. These categories of visas will be made available to citizens of the other signatory nations without numerical limits.

3. In order to promote secondary school and cultural exchanges, the parties agree to jointly establish a special fund to finance appropriate programmes. They also agree to jointly develop appropriate programmes and recruit participants in each nation. Funding and administration of these may be carried out by the embassies of the parties or by non-profit non-governmental organizations especially developed for the task by each participant.

4. In order to promote youth educational exchanges at the university level, the parties agree to jointly establish a special scholarship fund that will administered in each country by the embassies of the signatory nations. Scholarships will be made available to deserving young citizens of the host countries to pay full tuition, room and board at a university in each embassiesí home country.

Article 4

Trade Relations

1. Anahuac and Excalbia resolve to avoid the use of trade sanctions, boycotts, embargoes and blockades as an instrument of foreign policy in their relations with each other.

2. Blockades shall never be employed by one signatory against another.

3. Anahuac and Excalbia commit themselves to a reduction in tariff and nontariff barriers to trade amongst themselves. They agree to immediately confer Most Favored Nation trading status upon each other. They further commit to hold annual meetings to review existing tariff and nontariff barriers in order to ensure a successive mutual reduction in those barriers.

4. In order to promote trade and other beneficial exchanges, Anahuac and Excalbia will host reciprocal fairs in each otherís capital highlighting cultural and economic achievements.

5. Anahuac and Excalbia, on an experimental basis, will develop regulations authorizing the creation of single joint venture between an Excalbian commercial enterprise and an Anahuacan state enterprise.

6. Nothing in this accord shall prejudice the right of one party to impose such laws and regulations and to set such standards and prohibitions as it deems reasonably necessary to promote public morals or consumer health and safety.

7. The parties shall refrain from retaliatory measures in response to the use of such regulatory regimes.

8. Nothing in this accord shall have the effect of invalidating any existing trade agreements with non-signatory nations. Where not expressly prohibited by existing treaties, the parties shall endeavor to extend to other signatories the benefits of those existing agreements on a reciprocal basis.

Article 5

Ratification

This treaty shall enter into force upon its signature and ratification by the Socialist Peopleís Fiefdom of Anahuac and the Holy Empire of Excalbia.

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Treaty of Amity with the Kingdom of Brasland:

Preamble

The Kingdom of Brasland and the Holy Empire of Excalbia hereby resolve to promote the peace and security of the Western Atlantic, to promote the human rights of the people of the Western Atlantic, and to promote the economic and social development of the Western Atlantic.

Article 1

Establishing Common Purpose, Mutual Respect and Equality and Mutual Obligations

1. The Kingdom of Brasland (Brasland) and the Holy Empire of Excalbia (Excalbia) affirm their mutual desire to maintain their common peace and security, and to that end: to bring about by peaceful means whenever possible,in conformity with the principles of this treaty, adjustment or settlement of disputes.

2. The parties resolve to develop friendly relations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples.

3. The parties agree to achieve cooperation in solving problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all of their citizens.

4. Brasland and Excalbia unconditionally recognize the sovereign equality of the other, and recognize that the other is endowed with both the rights and duties of full sovereignty and equal membership in the international community.

5. The parties affirm the full international legal personality and territorial integrity of all other member states. The signatories of this treaty agree to mutually recognize the territorial claims and claims for exclusive economic rights detailed in Appendix A.

6. The existing and established governmental institutions of the parties states are recognized as the sole legitimate claimants to sovereign authority over their sovereign territory.

7. The parties affirm the ancient legal and moral principle that nations are obliged to abide by all treaties into which they legitimately enter so long as the other parties to such treaties do so as well.

8. The parties agrees to conduct international diplomacy in accordance with mutually agreed-upon established norms , including the inviolability of diplomatic premises, records and communications, the inviolability and immunity of diplomatic personnel and the provision of reasonable security and protection for diplomats within the otherís territory and jurisdiction.

Article 2

Non-Aggression and Military Cooperation

1. Brasland and Excalbia resolve to settle disputes among themselves by peaceful means in such a manner that regional peace and security and justice are not endangered, and to refrain in their mutual relations from the threat or use of force in any manner inconsistent with the purposes of this treaty. They further resolve to settle disputes within the Western Atlantic, to the extent practicable, by peaceful means and in such a manner that regional security is not endangered.

2. The parties will consult together whenever, in the opinion of either of them, the territorial integrity, political independence or security of the Western Atlantic or any nation therein is threatened.

3. Brasland and Excalbia shall establish a programme of exchanges of personnel between their respective armed forces. The exchange programme will include, in particular, instructors and students of the general staff colleges. In order to facilitate these exchanges, an effort will be made by both sides with a view to the practical teaching of the languages of the trainees.

Article 3

Social and Cultural Affairs

1. Research organizations and scientific institutions will develop their contacts beginning with the fullest possible exchange of information. Coordinated research programmers will be set up in disciplines where feasible.

2. Brasland and Excalbia agree to expand educational and cultural exchanges by establishing special categories of no-fee visas for high school and university exchanges, cultural exchanges including but not limited to youth and amateur performing groups, summer work and travel programs and other short-and-long term academic exchanges. These categories of visas will be made available to citizens of the other signatory nations without numerical limits.

3. In order to promote secondary school and cultural exchanges, the parties agree to jointly establish a special fund to finance appropriate programmers. They also agree to jointly develop appropriate programmes and recruit participants in each nation. Funding and administration of these may be carried out by the embassies of the parties or by non-profit non-governmental organizations especially developed for the task by each participant.

4. In order to promote youth educational exchanges at the university level, the parties agree to jointly establish a special scholarship fund that will administered in each country by the embassies of the signatory nations. Scholarships will be made available to deserving young citizens of the host countries to pay full tuition, room and board at a university in each embassiesí home country.

Article 4

Trade Relations

1. Brasland and Excalbia resolve to avoid the use of trade sanctions, boycotts, embargoes and blockades as an instrument of foreign policy in their relations with each other.

2. Blockades shall never be employed by one signatory against another.

3. Brasland and Excalbia commit themselves to a reduction in tariff and nontariff barriers to trade amongst themselves. They agree to immediately confer Most Favored Nation trading status upon each other. They further commit to hold annual meetings to review existing tariff and nontariff barriers in order to ensure a successive mutual reduction in those barriers.

4. Nothing in this accord shall prejudice the right of one party to impose such laws and regulations and to set such standards and prohibitions as it deems reasonably necessary to promote public morals or consumer health and safety.

5. The parties shall refrain from retaliatory measures in response to the use of such regulatory regimes.

6. Nothing in this accord shall have the effect of invalidating any existing trade agreements with non-signatory nations. Where not expressly prohibited by existing treaties, the parties shall endeavor to extend to other signatories the benefits of those existing agreements on a reciprocal basis.

Article 5

Ratification

This treaty shall enter into force upon its signature and ratification by the Kingdom of Brasland and the Holy Empire of Excalbia.

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Treaty of Amity with the Dominion of Upper Virginia

Free Trade Agreement with the Aestorian Commonwealth

The Reichsburg Free Trade Agreement

Compact of Alliance with the the Caldan Union

Compact of Alliance with the Holy and Most August Empire of Pantocratoria

The Treaty of Jefferson (with the Confederation of Sovereign States)

The Treaty of Citadel Excalbia (with the Union of Ajuba):

Article 1 - Independence of the Union of Ajuba

a. The Holy Empire of Excalbia recognizes the Union of Ajuba as a free and independent state effective the 2nd of November in the Year of Our Lord 1958.
b. The Union of Ajuba shall be considered a successor state and party to all treaties currently in force between the Holy Empire of Excalbia and any other foreign state.
c. The metropolitan area of the City of New Excalbia is hereby ceded to the Holy Empire of Excalbia and shall be an Overseas Territory of the Holy Empire.

Article 2 - Compact of Free Association

a. The Holy Empire of Excalbia and the Union of Ajuba affirm their common respect for human rights and rule of law, their shared history and their mutual interest in preserving their common peace and security.
b. To this end, the Union of Ajuba and the Holy Empire of Excalbia hereby enter into a Compact of Free Association.

Article 3 - Political Relationship Under the Compact

a. The Emperor of the Holy Empire of Excalbia shall continue as the Head of State and Sovereign of the Union of Ajuba.
b. The Emperor shall continue to appoint an Imperial Governor to serve as his personal representative in the Union of Ajuba.
c. The current Constitution of the Union of Ajuba, amended as necessary by this Treaty, shall remain in force.
d. The parties affirm their mutual respect for human rights and to that end, the civil and political rights mutually guaranteed in the existing Excalbian and Ajuban Constitutions shall not be abridged by either party.
e. In third countries where one State is lacking in diplomatic or consular representation the other shall provide full representation and consular services for both States.
f. As the Emperor serves as Head of State of both parties, the Imperial Government of Excalbia and the Union Government of Ajuba shall appoint High Commissioners as their representatives to each other.
g. Governments of both States shall undertake regular consultations to harmonize their foreign relations.
h. Neither Government shall seek a declaration of war, enter into an agreement with any party or parties considered hostile by the other without due consultation and approval of the Emperor.
i. Both States commit to mutual defense and the mutual protection of their territorial integrity. To further their mutual defense, the States shall conduct regular exchanges of military personnel and joint training.
j. Both States commit to the mutual protection of shipping and vessels in international waters.
Legal acts, including criminal warrants, shall be given full faith and credit by the other. Neither State shall deny extradition for crimes committed in the other pursuant to a valid warrant.
k. Citizens of both States shall have the right of abode and free immigration in the other. Both States shall recognize the dual nationality of those individuals possessing citizenship in both States.

Article 4 - Economic Relationship Under the Compact

a. The Union of Ajuba shall use the Imperial Sov as its national currency.
b. The Union of Ajuba shall be entitled to representation on the Board of Governors of the Imperial Bank of Excalbia.
c. The Holy Empire of Excalbia shall provide credits at concessionary rates, no greater than that charged to local governments within the Holy Empire, for infrastructural projects in the Union of Ajuba.
d. Neither State shall impose tariffs, duties or regulatory restrictions on the other, except for such goods that may be illegal on the domestic market.
e. Neither State shall impose any restrictions on investment or commercial enterprise by citizens of the other.
f. Both States commit to the elimination of dual taxation of expatriate and dual national individuals and entities.
g. No individual entitled to retirement of social security benefits by one State shall not be denied those benefits on the basis of residence in the other State.

Article 5 - Ratification

This Treaty shall enter into effect upon its ratification by the Imperial Senate of the Holy Empire of Excalbia and the Union Senate of the Union of Ajuba.

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The Holy Empire of Excalbia

Report